Get American Diplomacy and Strategy toward Korea and Northeast PDF

By Seung-young Kim (auth.)

ISBN-10: 0230621686

ISBN-13: 9780230621688

ISBN-10: 1349536105

ISBN-13: 9781349536108

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Extra resources for American Diplomacy and Strategy toward Korea and Northeast Asia, 1882–1950 and After: Perception of Polarity and US Commitment to a Periphery

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60 This change resulted in the loss of a checks-and-balance system, and the enhanced discretionary powers of the emperor invited favoritism and made palace intrigue endemic. 62 Kojong’s personality also played a part in weakening Korea. Enthroned in 1864, he lived through the most tumultuous era of the Yi dynasty, characterized by imperial encroachment and domestic factional rivalries. 67 But these efforts were exerted most actively after the fortune of the kingdom was sealed at the final stage of the Russo-Japanese War.

After returning from his flight to the Russian legation, Kojong promoted himself to emperor and proclaimed the inauguration of the independent Great Han (Korean) Empire in response to the urge of public opinion. It was an effort to restore the prestige of the monarch and to solidify the independence of Korea. 58 Despite such changes in the ambience, however, the political situation went backward. 60 This change resulted in the loss of a checks-and-balance system, and the enhanced discretionary powers of the emperor invited favoritism and made palace intrigue endemic.

37 With little ability to resist a coalition of three European powers, Japan accepted their demands, only receiving an additional indemnity of thirty million taels for surrendering its foothold in China. What made Japan more enraged was Russia’s lease of the same peninsula three years after the retrocession. In 1898, Russia obtained a twentyfive-year lease on the peninsula and fortified Port Arthur on the southern tip of the peninsula. This move was influenced by the German lease of Kiaochow Bay in the Shantung Peninsula in 1897 but was in line with Russia’s decades-long efforts to secure an ice-free port in the Far East.

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American Diplomacy and Strategy toward Korea and Northeast Asia, 1882–1950 and After: Perception of Polarity and US Commitment to a Periphery by Seung-young Kim (auth.)


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