Mirela Bogdani's Albania and the European Union: The Tumultuous Journey PDF

By Mirela Bogdani

ISBN-10: 1435603494

ISBN-13: 9781435603493

ISBN-10: 184511308X

ISBN-13: 9781845113087

While will Albania sign up for the european? Will accession aid Albania to accomplish prosperity, balance and prosperity? What elements are assisting it in the direction of this finish and what elements are keeping it again? An unique research of Albania and its kinfolk with the ecu, this can be the 1st booklet to spot and examine the issues of the rustic because it strikes in the direction of club of the Union. It explores the political, monetary and social alterations had to make Albanian club attainable. The authors spotlight the large democratic alterations that experience happened in post-communist Albania in addition to the various hindrances that also stay. This balanced and aim evaluation could be a vital source for everybody drawn to the heritage and way forward for the Balkans and the european.

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Additional resources for Albania and the European Union: The Tumultuous Journey Towards Integration and Accession

Sample text

It is sometimes argued that there is no such thing as a ‘totalitarian’ regime, in the sense that it is not possible for a state to control every single aspect of the lives of individuals and society. Albania, however, came close to such a state with the widespread and brutal repression and violation of basic human and political rights. Freedom of expression and independence of thought were completely crushed, and ‘class struggle’ was invoked in a paranoid manner to justify the merciless political persecution of ‘people and class enemies’ and their families (thousands of people vanished in prisons and internal exile, or were executed).

G. ). According to Held (1999: 46), ‘the system of liberal democracy is the dominant political form of a modern nation-state, where the decisions affecting a community are taken by a group of representatives who have been chosen to govern within the framework of the rule of law’. Liberal democracy is distinguished by the presence of a cluster of rules and institutions, which are: the constitutional entrenchment of control over government policy in elected representatives; the establishment of mechanisms for the choice and peaceful removal of elected representatives in frequent, fair and free elections; the right to vote for all adults in such elections and the right to run for public office; an effective right for each citizen to freedom of expression, including to criticize the conduct of government and the socio-economic system in which it is embedded; accessible sources of information and an established right to form and join independent associations.

Besides these longer- and medium-term factors, however, it is poor, incompetent and irresponsible political leadership which has been the principal factor that has prevented Albania achieving good results in its attempted reforms. These have failed to live up to the ideal of being the ‘norm entrepreneurs’, described in Chapter 1, capable of adopting a ‘logic of appropriateness’ in the assimilation of the new norms. This is not surprising given that many of the political elites, such as the Socialist leader Fatos Nano and the ‘reformist’ Democratic Party leader Sali Berisha and their followers, were themselves products of the communist regime and had been party members.

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Albania and the European Union: The Tumultuous Journey Towards Integration and Accession by Mirela Bogdani


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