By Bruce E. Murdoch
The long-held trust that bought aphasia in childrens is basically of the non-fluent variety has been challenged in recent times. This booklet discusses language difficulties bobbing up from cerebro-vascular injuries happening in formative years, and from different
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Additional info for Acquired Neurological Speech Language Disorders In Childhood (Brain Damage, Behaviour and Cognition)
The second group whose paraphasias resolved within months of the brain lesion differed from the first group in that the two kinds of paraphasias did not resolve simultaneously, the semantic paraphasias always resolving first. Also this group was slightly older in age. The third group, whose paraphasias persisted, had a higher incidence of paraphasias (40 per cent) and the phonemic errors resolved before the semantic. The duration of the coma for this group also appeared longer and their comprehension skills were more severely affected.
Of the 15 subjects, only one achieved a score greater than two standard deviations below the test mean. e. ‘because’, ‘if’, ‘herself’). Cooper and Flowers (1987) also provided examples of syntactically correct complex sentences produced by these same subjects. g. ‘If I tell you, do you promise to keep it a secret? I’ll tell my parents about what has gone on at school. I will tell her I’m hungry’). g. g. ‘Because today is rainy and wet’) perhaps suggesting a semantic rather than syntactic impairment.
Rapid recovery of paraphasias was also reported in a 9-year-old girl after a stroke (Dennis, 1980). At 2 weeks post-onset this subject showed phonemic and semantic 24 Acquired Childhood Aphasia: Neuropathology, Characteristics and Prognosis paraphasias and some random misnamings on visual and tactile naming tasks placing her at an age equivalency of 6 years on the NCCEA (Gaddes and Crockett, 1975). Three months after the stroke, naming difficulties had resolved to a mild level of impairment. Similarly, encephalitis in a 10-year-old produced a Wernicke’s aphasia (Van Hout and Lyon, 1986) with speech limited to a few stereotyped utterances 2 weeks post-onset.
Acquired Neurological Speech Language Disorders In Childhood (Brain Damage, Behaviour and Cognition) by Bruce E. Murdoch