Download e-book for iPad: A Theologico-Political Treatise by Benedict de Spinoza, R. H. M. Elwes

By Benedict de Spinoza, R. H. M. Elwes

ISBN-10: 1604502134

ISBN-13: 9781604502138

Written by way of the Dutch thinker Baruch Spinoza, the Tractatus Theologico-Politicus or Theologico-Political Treatise was once essentially the most debatable texts of the early smooth interval. It was once a preemptive security of Spinoza's later paintings, Ethics, released posthumously in 1677, for which he expected harsh feedback. The treatise used to be released anonymously in 1670 through Jan Rieuwertsz in Amsterdam. with a view to safeguard the writer and writer from political retribution, the identify web page pointed out the town of ebook as Hamburg and the writer as Henricus Kunraht. It used to be written in New Latin instead of the vernacular Dutch in an try to keep away from censorship by way of the secular Dutch experts.

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16) But let us return to our subject, and cite other passages of Scripture which set forth temporal benefits as rewards for observing the ceremonial law, and blessedness as reward for the universal law. (17) None of the prophets puts the point more clearly than Isaiah. ) After condemning hypocrisy he commends liberty and charity towards one's self and one's neighbours, and promises as a reward: "Then shall thy light break forth as the morning, and thy health shall spring forth speedily, thy righteousness shall go before thee, and the glory of the Lord shall be thy reward" (chap.

75) From this they would infer that Moses asked of God that He should be present to the Jews, and should reveal Himself to them prophetically; further, that He should grant this favour to no other nation. (76) It is surely absurd that Moses should have been jealous of God's presence among the Gentiles, or that he should have dared to ask any such thing. (77) The act is, as Moses knew that the disposition and spirit of his nation was rebellious, he clearly saw that they could not carry out what they had begun without very great miracles and special external aid from God; nay, that without such aid they must necessarily perish: as it was evident that God wished them to be preserved, he asked for this special external aid.

4) So, too, the law that a man in remembering one thing, straightway remembers another either like it, or which he had perceived simultaneously with it, is a law which necessarily follows from the nature of man. (5) But the law that men must yield, or be compelled to yield, somewhat of their natural right, and that they bind themselves to live in a certain way, depends on human decree. (6) Now, though I freely admit that all things are predetermined by universal natural laws to exist and operate in a given, fixed, and definite manner, I still assert that the laws I have just mentioned depend on human decree.

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A Theologico-Political Treatise by Benedict de Spinoza, R. H. M. Elwes


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