By Alasdair C MacIntyre
Read or Download A short history of ethics : a history of moral philosophy from the Homeric Age to the twentieth century PDF
Similar ethics & morality books
This crucial new publication takes as its issues of departure questions: what's the nature of valuing? and What morality should be justified in a society that deeply disagrees on what's really important? partially One, the writer develops a idea of worth that makes an attempt to reconcile cause with passions. half explores how this concept of worth grounds our dedication to ethical motion.
Contractualism/Contractarianism collects, for the 1st time, either significant classical resources and principal modern discussions of those very important ways to philosophical ethics. Edited and brought by means of Stephen Darwall, those readings are crucial for a person drawn to normative ethics. With a priceless creation by way of Stephen Darwall, examines key issues within the contractarian and contractualist ethical idea.
Within the 20th century, in either China and the West, ritual turned marginalized within the face of the expansion of secularism and individualism. In China, Confucianism and its basically ritualistic comportment to the area have been vigorously suppressed through the Cultural Revolution (1966-1976) less than Mao Zedong.
This publication offers insights on how rising technosciences come including new sorts of governance and moral wondering. Combining technological know-how and applied sciences and ethics ways, it appears on the emergence of 3 key technoscientific domain names - physique enhancement applied sciences, biometrics and applied sciences for the construction of house -exploring how human our bodies and minds, the flow of voters and area develop into concerns of technoscientific governance.
- Moral Knowledge and Ethical Character
- Intimacy or Integrity: Philosophy and Cultural Differences
- Animal Pragmatism: Rethinking Human-Nonhuman Relationships
- Plato's Republic: A Dialogue in 16 Chapters
- Politics of Globalization
Additional resources for A short history of ethics : a history of moral philosophy from the Homeric Age to the twentieth century
But to this the rejoinder might be that his desires remain incompatible: for what the man desires is to drink this particular water and what he fears is to drink this same water. Yet Plato is only right in a sense about these being incompatible desires, and that they are does not have any of the consequences which he supposes to follow. And this is because the incompatibility belongs to the possibility of satisfying both desires, not of having both desires. This is important because Plato uses his bad argument to expound a distinction between that part of the soul which is the appetites and that part which is the reason, a distinction which exerts enormous pressure upon some subsequent moral philosophy.
For Callicles the supreme good is power to satisfy all desires. Callicles’ position is indeed a complex one. He is contemptuous of the life of theorizing and contemptuous therefore of Socrates. He is involved at once in two disagreements with Socrates. The first is over the concept of desire. Socrates argues that the man of boundless desires is like a leaky sieve, never filled, never satisfied; therefore, to have great and violent desires is to make it certain that you will not get what you want.
Appetite in the Phaedo belongs to the body, so that the distinction between reason and appetite remains a constant element, pointing to the continuity of the religious background. But the Phaedo offers us no grounds for believing in the division into parts of the soul. The division of the soul in the Republic is not just between reason and appetite; there is also the “spirited” part, which is concerned neither with rational standards of behavior nor with bodily desires, but with standards of honorable behavior, and with anger and indignation.
A short history of ethics : a history of moral philosophy from the Homeric Age to the twentieth century by Alasdair C MacIntyre